The Truth As I See It

(Please note - some of the links found below are no longer active, I will scan the documents I printed out as soon as possible and upload them to this site)

There are many controversial opinions abounding regarding non-human primates. The information found here was researched to the best of my ability. Please note that most of these links to substantiating documentation are to medical, professional or educational facilities NOT to news media articles!!!

Zoonoses - Click here to view comparative chart, compiled using information from the following sources: 

Letters from the Medical and Professional Community referencing their position on the lack of a health risk from non-human primates to humans. Click here to view.

It is interesting to note, non-human primates are accepted as  "SAFE" to interact on a very personal level with individuals afflicted with quadriplegia. Yes, individuals whose immune systems are very susceptible to infections are being fed by non-human primates. These non-human primates are using their hands to place straws in drinks for people with quadriplegia. These non-human primates are doing many tasks involving close personal contact with individuals possessing a limited immune system. The very same animals that the animal rights activists insist are far to dangerous for private individuals to interact with. One of those situations that makes you go, "Hmmmmmmmmmmmm????????????"

Letters from Maine Department of Inland Fisheries and Wildlife  - It is amazing how news media distorts the truth and animal rights people perpetuate these untruths. 

Quote from Nicole G. Paquette (Counsel, Animal Protection Institute) on Fri, 12 Oct 2001:
"The Animal Protection Institute has been studying the issue of captive wildlife held as "pets" for several years. We have tracked incidents across the country involving attacks and escapes of these animals, as well as studied all of the state laws on these issues, including caging requirements and standards."

I wrote to the "Animal Protection Institute" at info@api4animals.org to ask for substantiating evidence of the claims made on their site regarding the misinformation about my situation. I have yet to receive a reply. They apparently "tracked incidents" using inaccurate information presented by the media in lieu of researching/verifying their information.
Contact info for API:
Animal Protection Institute
1122 S Street
Sacramento, CA 95814

P.O. Box 22505
Sacramento, CA 95822
916-447-3085
fax 916-447-3070

At http://www.api4animals.org/doc.asp?ID=381  the Animal Protection Institute claims:
"07/03/97 Bridgton, ME 
Pet monkey bites and scratches woman in supermarket checkout line. Same monkey bit child 02/01/96. (Sarasota Herald-Tribune)"

Documentation refuting the alleged monkey bite and permit conflicts are found by clicking here.

At http://www.api4animals.org/doc.asp?ID=381  the Animal Protection Institute claims:
"02/01/96 Bridgton, ME
Pet monkey bites child while possessor gives demonstration at school. (Sarasota Herald-Tribune)"

Note: The teacher of the class left the room for another emergency, even though before the presentation I explained I needed her to maintain a "buffer zone" between myself and the children in the classroom. The girl who was slightly nicked by a tooth entered the area meant to be off-limits. She grabbed at the monkey. Their family doctor did not feel there was any medical risk to the child and it was recommended by the doctor that the child not need any preventative shots. Neither the family, nor the child, were traumatized by this incident. 
To put this bite in perspective, see following information:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/htbin-post/Entrez/query?db=m&form=6&Dopt=r&uid=7064943 
Dog bites. A neglected problem in accident prevention.
Lauer EA, White WC, Lauer BA.
Dog bites are a common but neglected pediatric problem. To clarify the epidemiology of dog bites and to learn if parents would welcome counseling aimed at preventing bites, 455 families (960 children) in a Denver pediatric practice were surveyed. One hundred ninety-four children (20.2%) had been bitten at least once, with the majority of bites occurring before the child was aged 5 years. Forty-three percent of the bites prompted a visit to a physician and 16.5% received sutures. German shepherds were responsible for 17% of the incidents, more than expected relative to their popularity as pets. The dogs usually were owned by a neighbor (40.2%) or the victim's family (31%).
Approximately half of the bites were believed to be unprovoked. Seventy-seven percent of the parents believed that dog bite prevention warranted discussion with their physician. Dog bites are an important pediatric problem, and parents should be counseled accordingly during well-child visits.

More from "The Animal Protection Institute":
The Dangers of Possessing Exotic Animals By Nicole G. Paquette with comments added. 
Click here.

The Dangers of Keeping Exotic "Pets" with comments added.
Click here.

Additional Information to Consider:

A letter written by Sheryl Sherman

20/20 11-17-99 Segment "Monkey Business"

Response to this presentation


 

Additional reference information links (Bite and Injury Information): Please note that most of these links are to medical, professional or educational facilities NOT to news media articles!!!

A Comparison with the Number of Biting Injuries Occurring Annually in New York City:
 http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/fish/sharks/attacks/relariskcity.htm 

Human and Animal Bite/wounds - Overview and Management:
 http://lib-sh.lsumc.edu/fammed/grounds/bites.html 

Farm-Related Animal Injuries in Kentucky:
 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/nasd/psas/oh03000.html 

Non-venomous Animal-Related Fatalities in the United States Workplace,1992-1994:
 http://bubl.ac.uk/journals/soc/jagrmed/v05n0198.htm#2nonvenomous 
"(Each year animal-related injuries cause occupational deaths in the United States, especially among farmers. Reports of fatalities caused by non-venomous live animals were obtained from the U.S. Census for Fatal Occupational Injuries for 1992-1994. A total of 144 animal-related fatalities were reported; of those, 22 (15%) were transportation-related. Of the 122 non-transportation-related fatalities, most occurred in farm workers and were associated with cattle (68 fatalities), horses (41 fatalities) and other animals (13 fatalities). Almost 11% of fatalities caused by cattle resulted from gorings. Although bulls comprise only 2% of the cattle population they were associated with > 50% of cattle-related fatalities. Measures that might prevent such fatalities include dehorning cattle and using extreme caution when working with bulls."

PracticeUpdate : Animal Bites & Scratches
Dr. Ann-Christine Nyquist presented "Animal Bites & Scratches: Love at First Bite" to an
audience of community physicians, nurses and medical students at a Pediatric Office Update
educational seminar in April. Following is a link to the synopsis of her talk:
 http://childrenshospitalden.org/NEWS/practiceupdate/1999/fall99/animal.html 

Dog Bite Statistics - There is a dog bite epidemic in the United States. Almost 2% of the population of
the USA is bitten by dogs every year. There are 4.7 million victims annually. The most frequent victims are children, and they are almost always bitten by the family dog or a friend's dog. You will be surprised to read the statistics in this section:
 http://www.dogbitelaw.com/PAGES/statistics.html 

Number of Dog-Bite-Related Fatalities by state - United States, 1979 - 1996 (Map):
 http://www.cdc.gov/epo/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/00047723.htm 

Fatal Dog Attacks 1989 - 1994:
 http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/duip/dog50.pdf 

TEXAS 1996 Severe Attack Surveillance Summary:
 http://www.idir.net/~wolf2dog/texasbite.htm

Bites, Animals
"Background: Since many animal bites are never reported, it is difficult to determine the exact incidence of animal bite wounds in the US, let alone the world. An estimated 57 million cats and 54 million dogs lived in the US in 1991, but substantially more dog bites than cat bites occurred. These two types of bite wounds account for most animal bite wounds encountered in the ED.
Pathophysiology: Dog bites typically cause a crushing-type wound because of their rounded teeth and strong jaws. An adult dog can exert 200 pounds per square inch (psi) of pressure, with some large dogs able to exert 450 psi. Such extreme pressure may damage deeper structures such as bones, vessels, tendons, muscle, and nerves. 
Cats' very sharp, pointed teeth usually cause puncture wounds and lacerations that may inoculate bacteria into deep tissues. 
Limited literature is available on other animal bites. Monkey bites have a notorious reputation based largely on
anecdotal reports. Bites from large herbivores generally have a significant crush element because of the force involved. 
 http://www.emedicine.com/emerg/topic60.htm 

Note: Looks like "Monkey Bars" cause more harm to children than "Monkeys" as shown by the links below. Just a bit of information to put things in perspective.

New England Medical Center - Fact Sheets on Children's Injuries (A total of 89% of these injuries occurred in falls from just four types of playground equipment: swings, slides, climbers (monkey
bars, jungle gyms or other climbing apparatus), and trampolines.):
 http://www.nemc.org/rehab/factshee.htm 

CDC Fact Book for the Year 2000
Working to Prevent and Control Injury in the United States
Injury takes a high toll on the lives of U.S. citizens and is the leading killer of children and young adults. Nearly 19,000 children and teenagers under age 20 died from injuries in 1997. The mission of the National Center for Injury Prevention and Control is to prevent injuries and to control and minimize the extent of injury or disability among those who are injured. Using a science-based approach, NCIPC provides national leadership in injury prevention and control and supports research and training in the field. (Falls from swings, monkey bars, climbers, and slides are the leading cause of playground injuries.)  http://www.cdc.gov/ncipc/pub-res/FactBook/default.htm 

Inspect school playgrounds for safety hazards, Academy advises (in 1999 169,529 injuries related to monkey bars):
 http://www.aaos.org/wordhtml/press/nr_play.htm 

Hospital Emergency Room Treated Injuries, Estimates from the CPSC - 1997, National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (Monkey Bars or Climbing Equipment 71,828 injuries):
 http://www.productsafety.com/productsafety/hospital.html 

Other noteworthy information:

In June 2003, two men mowed over a nest of rabbits, and another who cleaned the mower, all developed a rare disease known as rabbit fever (also called pneumonic tularemia). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention investigated the incident. This disease is caused by a bacterium found in wild animals, especially rodents and rabbits. It can be treated with antibiotics but can lead to pneumonia.

People can become infected through bites by infected animals or infected insects, handling carcasses, eating contaminated food or, in rare cases, inhaling the bacterium. It is not transmitted person-to-person.

The United States averaged 124 cases of tularemia in 1999 and 2000, according the CDC, and three to four cases a year are typical in Nebraska.

More information about this disease can be found at:
 http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/misc/tularemia.htm

It seems reasonable to acknowledge that many factors may cause harm or death to humans. We shouldn't eliminate the opportunity to "experience" them, instead we should attempt to make them as safe as possible. 
Consider implementing safer conditions rather than insisting on bans. 

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